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Battle of Mukden, 1905

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Aleksey Kuropatkin versus Oyama Iwao: A Japanese army under Oyama seizes the initiative with an offensive against a Russian army under Kuropatkin. Can Kuropatkin parry Oyama’s thrusts long enough to launch his own? Click on images below to view; first image opens video presentation and second image opens PowerPoint presentation. | Legend |
 
 
The significance of this battle is purely psychological but on a global scale. Tsushima Strait was more one-sided but Mukden sent the original shockwave of a large European nation being defeated by a small Asian nation.
 
Poor command and control were responsible for the Russian defeat. Kuropatkin made many of the right moves and should have been able to counterattack against the Japanese left flank and turn it instead of the other way around but communications broke down, a common shortfall of the era’s Russian military. For a more sophisticated analysis of the Russian military, please check out Menning’s Bayonets before Bullets: The Imperial Russian Army, 1861-1914.
 
 
 
This animation was one of the more time-consuming ones for two reasons: sheer numbers and the length of time the battle was undecided. Determining the numbers involved was not difficult as it was very clear which were incredibly inflated for no apparent reason. Although I do not use Wikipedia, except for finding new battles to animate, the numbers were so inaccurate that I felt it was my duty to correct them and properly cite them. I urge viewers to skim through Wikipedia’s many battle articles and spend a few moments to do the same: correct the strength columns and cite your reliable source.
 
- Jonathan Webb
 
Works Consulted
 
Corvisier, Andre. A Dictionary of Military History. Cambridge: Basil Blackwell, 1994.
 
Dupuy, Trevor N. The Harper Encyclopedia of Military History: From 3500 BC to the Present, Fourth Edition. New York: HarperCollins, 1991.
 
Martin, Christopher. The Russo-Japanese War. New York: Abelard-Schuman, 1967.
 
Menning, Bruce W. Bayonets before Bullets: The Imperial Russian Army, 1861-1914. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1992.

Images

Aleksey Kuropatkin: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Kuropatkin_1.jpg
 
Japanese soldiers: http://www.battlefieldanomalies.com/port_arthur/05_siege.htm
 
Oyama Iwao: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Iwao_Oyama_in_his_middle_age.jpg
 
Russian soldiers: http://www.beau-geste.com/Whatscoming/nten01.htm
 

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  1. 2 Comments to “Battle of Mukden, 1905”

  2. This was great!

    I just finished reading “Rising Sun and Tumbling Bear” and your animation really helped in understanding Mukden.

    By Matt C. on Nov 3, 2010 at 6:33 pm

  3. A first-rate potted account of the battle!

    Very well done: - Graham J.Morris (Battlefield Anomalies)

    By Graham J.Morris on Oct 4, 2012 at 3:30 pm

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