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Battle of Blenheim, 1704

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Duc de Tallard and Elector of Bavaria versus Duke of Marlborough and Eugene of Savoy: A Franco-Bavarian army under Tallard and Elector awaits an attack by an Allied army under Marlborough and Eugene. Will a successful defence of the river ensure victory though? Also known as the Battle of Second Hochstadt or Blindhem. Click on images below to view PowerPoint presentation. | Legend |
 
 
Blenheim is the turning point of the War of Spanish Succession and is credited with preventing French domination of Europe.
 
The key to this battle was cooperation between dual commanders. Elector and Tallard offered each other little to no mutual support other than fighting together while Eugene and Marlborough coordinated both an offensive and defensive strategy. Offensively, Eugene pinned down a larger force with persistent, costly attacks so that Marlborough could launch the decisive attack against a smaller force. Defensively, Eugene answered Marlborough’s call for aid to contain Marsin’s attack which nearly cut the Allied army in two and decided the battle.
 
 
This is the set-piece battle military students drool over and wish still existed in recent wars with continuous fronts and modern wars with no front at all. Anyone who has checked out my suggested readings will note that I am abusing Goodenough’s Tactical Genius in Battle for battle ideas. Marathon, Leuctra, Daras, Mohi Heath, Blenheim, Leuthen, Warsaw and France are all featured in Tactical Genius in Battle.
 
- Jonathan Webb
 
Works Consulted
 
Belloc, Hilaire. The Tactics and Strategy of the Great Duke of Marlborough. Bristol: Arrowsmith, 1933.
 
Dupuy, Trevor N. The Harper Encyclopedia of Military History: From 3500 BC to the Present, Fourth Edition. New York: HarperCollins, 1991.
 
Falkner, James. Great Glorious Days: Marlborough’s Battles. Staplehurst: Spellmount, 2002.
 
Goodenough, Simon. Tactical Genius in Battle. Oxford: Phodian Press, 1979.
 
Nicholson, G.W.L. Marlborough and the War of Spanish Succession. Ottawa: Queen’s Printer, 1955.

Images

Allied soldiers: http://www.fmft.net/archives/001862.html
 
Duc de Tallard: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camille_d%27Hostun,_duc_de_Tallard
 
Duke of Marlborough: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Churchill,_1st_Duke_of_Marlborough
 
Elector of Bavaria: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maximilian_II_Emanuel,_Elector_of_Bavaria
 
Eugene of Savoy: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eugene_of_savoy
 
French soldiers: http://www.militaryphotos.net/forums/showthread.php?t=114993&page=5
 

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  1. 6 Comments to “Battle of Blenheim, 1704”

  2. great job, keep going

    By totalwar on Apr 13, 2009 at 4:15 pm

  3. Iain Gale’s book ‘Man o Honour’ covers this battle nicely from viewpoint of a participant

    By Boruta46 on Mar 4, 2011 at 3:08 am

  4. Magnificent items from you, man. I have take into account your stuff previous to and you are just too magnificent. I really like what you’ve acquired right here, certainly like what you’re stating and the best way in which you assert it. You are making it enjoyable and you continue to take care of to stay it sensible. I can not wait to learn far more from you. That is really a terrific website.

    By buy wiki links on Jun 6, 2012 at 9:09 pm

  5. The first zoom in the animation (the one on the earth’s map) seems quite inacurate, it zooms somewhere into Balkan rather than Bavaria… thousand kilometers or two not a problem?
    Other than that, nice… :)

    By SYN on Mar 31, 2014 at 2:08 pm

  1. 2 Trackback(s)

  2. Mar 11, 2013: The War of Spanish Succession - Historum - History Forums
  3. Feb 8, 2014: A sitemap of reference for Battle of Blenheim | haowenwu

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