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Saladin versus Richard Couer de Lion: A Saracen army under Saladin harasses a Crusader army under Richard. Will Saladin’s provocations break the discipline of Richard’s soldiers? Also known as the Battle of Arsouf. .
This battle is a solid educational tool to illustrate when and how forces sustain casualties. Until the Saracen flight, the Crusaders had taken more than they had inflicted. However, whenever a force turns its backs to the enemy force to flee, it is utterly vulnerable and unable to defend itself. Virtually all of the 700 Crusader casualties were suffered before the rout which means the Saracens suffered roughly 6,300 casualties during the rout. Any student of war should understand that ability is not only measured when the outcome of the battle is undecided, but after the battle is decided, when an orderly retreat is required to maintain an effective fighting force or a deadly pursuit is required to prevent the enemy from regrouping.
My original idea for Season 1 was to have each battle illustrate one of the Seven Classical Maneuvers of Warfare being used successfully (Leuctra being the eighth, which was not intended to be animated). Arsuf illustrates “penetration of the center” although the Crusader cavalry charge broke though far off the true center of the Saracen line. Mohi Heath was intended to illustrate “feigned withdrawal” except the successful feigned retreat during this engagement occurred before the battle took place and it was not included in the animation.
Chandler, David. The Art of Warfare on Land. Norwich: Jarold & Sons Ltd, 1974.
Dougherty, Martin. ”Arsuf, 1191.” In Battles of the Medieval World 1000-1500. London: Amber, 2006: 50-59.
Edwards, Sean J.A. “Swarming and the Future of Warfare.” Pardee Rand Graduate School. http://www.rand.org/pubs/rgs_dissertations/2005/RAND_RGSD189.pdf (Jan. 28, 2008).
Fratini, Dan. “The Battle of Arsuf.” Military History Online. http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/crusades/articles/arsuf.as px (Jan. 27, 2008).
Macdonald, John. Great Battlefields of the World. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1987.
Rickard, J. “Third Crusade, 1189-1193.” History of War. http://www.historyofwar.org/index.html (Sep. 30, 2008).
Crusader infantry: http://forums.civfanatics.com/showthread.php?t=22289
Crusader turcopole: http://forums.civfanatics.com/showthread.php?t=22289
Map of Europe and Near East: http://www.diercke.com/kartenansicht.xtp?artId=978-3-14-100790-9&stichwort=crusades&fs=1
Map of the world: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_map_projections
Richard Coeur de Lion: http://expatyank.wordpress.com/2008/03/31/get-the-demonizing-terminology-straight/
Salah al-Din Ibn Ayyub: http://i-cias.com/e.o/saladin.htm
Saracen cavalry: http://forums.civfanatics.com/showthread.php?t=22289
Saracen light infantry: http://forums.civfanatics.com/showthread.php?t=22289
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